100 Weird and Rare Animals from around the World

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Bush Viper

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The bush viper is a venomous snake species found in the rainforests sub-Saharan Africa. Bush vipers are similar to the arboreal pit vipers of South America in appearance and are small in size with slender, compact bodies. Bush vipers like to hang around in trees in secluded areas and, thankfully, avoid human activity.

Sloth

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A sloth is a medium-sized mammal that is also the world’s slowest known mammal. It is so slow that it takes around one month to digest one meal. They urinate or defecate only once a month.

Thorny Devil

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The thorny devil or Moloch horridus is a scary looking Australian lizard with two heads. Actually, one head is a fake that the thorny devil uses to trick predators when attacked. It presents its fake head by lowering its real one so predators go after the wrong one. Armed with two heads and a body covered in thorny spines, predators may want to look elsewhere for an easy meal!

Star Nosed-Mole

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The star nosed-mole or Condylura cristata is one of the weirdest creatures found in the northeastern United States. Their trademark octopus-like nose has twenty-two ultra-sensitive pink appendages that the mole uses to feel its way around underground. These moles feed on small vertebrates, worms, small fishes, aquatic insects, and mollusks.

The Ocean Sunfish

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The gigantic ocean sunfish, also called a mola mola, looks like a fish head connected directly to a fish tail with minimal body in between. The ocean sunfish is the heaviest known bony fish and can grow to be 10 feet long with tall dorsal fins that resemble a shark’s. These clumsy swimmers love to eat jellyfish and can be basking in the sunlight.

Pangolin

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Often referred as “scaly anteaters”, Pangolins are unique and rare scale-covered mammals that have a long, sticky tongue. They can slurp thousands of ants and termites in a day and, when threatened by predators, can roll up into an armored ball to protect themselves. Sadly, pangolins are endangered due to habitat loss and trafficking for their meat and scales.

Velella

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Velella, also called by-the-wind sailors or sea rafts, are found on the surface of the Pacific Ocean. The sail-like appendages on top of their bodies catch the wind and allow the velella to move around the ocean. They are carnivorous and prey on plankton using their tentacles. These species are around 7cm long with a striking deep blue color.

Uakari Monkey

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The Uakari Monkey is a small species of monkey that is bald and has a bright, long orange fur. These monkeys are found in the tropical rainforests of South America. When uakari monkeys choose a mate, they show a strong preference for other uakaris with deep red faces as pale faces may indicate poor health.

The Whip Scorpion

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The whip scorpion or Thelyphonida is an arachnid that resembles a scorpion due to their whip-like tail. These carnivorous creatures mostly feed on insects, scorpions, and isopods. They only use six of their eight legs for walking while the front two are reserved for sensing their environment.

Hooded Seal

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The hooded seal is found in the North Atlantic region. Adults have a spotted coat, and males are adorned with an inflatable bladder on their heads that they use to attract females. The bladders are also used to send acoustic signals underwater to display dominance and ward of predators.

Red Panda

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Red panda, also called as red-bear cat is a small arboreal mammal that is slightly bigger than a domestic cat. It weighs around 5.2 kg and is native to China and eastern Himalayas.

The Goblin Shark

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A rare species of deep-sea shark, the goblin shark is rarely seen as there are less numbers left. Their bodies can have different colors, including pinkish gray, bubblegum pink, and alike.

Proboscis Monkey

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Proboscis is a long-nosed monkey that is medium-sized and is found mostly in Indonesia, Malaysia, and Borneo.

Saiga

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A critically endangered antelope, Saiga weigh between 36 and 63 kg. these species have a distinctive bulbous and an unusual nose that help keep their blood cool.

Mantis Shrimp

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Also known as stomatopod, the mantis shrimp is a marine species that is featherweight. It is often called as sea locust.

Elephant Shrew

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Also called as Jumping shrews, elephant shrews are accustomed to living in forests and thickets. Their fur is gray brown and they weigh around 1.5 ounces.

Colugo

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Colugos, also called as Malayan Flying Lemur, are fairly large gliding mammals that are found in the Southeast Asian rainforests. These arboreal mammals can glide long distances between trees, though they are pretty clumsy climbers.

Anglerfish

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Anglerfishes are bony fishes that are found worldwide. These angry-looking fishes are the ugliest looking creatures on the planet. The characteristic feature of anglerfish is their dorsal spine that juts above their mouths, like a pole. With their really big mouth, they can easily gulp down a prey twice their own size.

Coconut Crab

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Also called as Birgus Latro, Coconut Crab is the world’s largest land-living arthropod that weighs almost 4.1kg. These species of hermit crabs are commonly found across the Indian Ocean and they feed on nuts, the pith of fallen trees, and fruits. They use their well-developed smelling sense to locate fruits.

Mouse Spiders

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Mouse spiders are the spiders of the genus Missulena, which are commonly mistaken for funnel web spiders. There are 13 species of mouse spiders and their bites are potentially serious. Some of the prime predators of mouse spiders are scorpions, wasps, and centipedes.

Angora Rabbit

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Commonly bred for its long, soft wool, the Angora rabbit is one of the oldest kinds of domestic rabbit that has originated from Ankara. Some of the common breeds of Angora rabbit are German, Korean, Chinese, St. Lucian, and Swiss. These rabbits are quite calm and docile.

Pink Dolphin

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You are not going to spot pink dolphins like that in any ocean. Though these dolphins have existed since 1962, there are only 14 being spotted till date. Also known as Boto, pink dolphins are social creatures that eat small turtles, crabs, and catfishes.

Helicoprion

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Helicoprion is a prehistoric shark relative that has an iconic spiral-tooth whorl. It is a long-lived genus of eugeneodontid holocephalid fish (now extinct) and is really sinister looking.

Long-eared Jerboa

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Commonly found in the Palearctic region are the big eared little rodents called long-eared jerboas. These nocturnal rodents have a long-tail and really big ears. Their ears are 1/3rd longer than their heads.

Stauroteuthis Syrtensis

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Stauroteuthis Syrtensis or the glowing sucker octopus is an unusual offshore octopod that has eight arms and no bones. They have numerous bright, twinkly lights and are found at the depths of Atlantic oceans.

Purple Frog

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Purple frog is a frog species that is majorly seen in the Western Ghats in India. Also known as the pig-nosed frog, they surface only during the monsoon, primarily for mating.

Red-lipped Batfish

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Red-lipped batfish is a strange looking fish that has a bat-like appearance and a light brown color body. These unusual species feed on small fishes and shrimps. It has around 19-20 vertebra and is 20.3 cm in length. They have a compressed body and they inhabit in ocean depths of over 30.5m.

Alpaca

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Alpacas are domesticated spices of the camelid family that look extremely similar to small llama in appearance. The two common breeds of Alpaca are the Suri Alpaca and the Huacaya Alpaca.

Camel Spider

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Camel spiders, popular as the Solifugae, are tricky creatures. They are large, tan, and ferocious-looking, and it wouldn’t be wrong to say that they world’s biggest spiders. They are sprinters and can cover 10 miles in one hour. The most amazing fact about camel spiders is that they are carnivorous and they prefer feeding on lizards and rodents.

Mara

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Mara belongs to the cavy family and is the representative of the Dolichotinae. Commonly found in Argentina, Maras are also the fourth-largest rodents in the world. They have stocky bodies and brown heads.

Babirusa

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Babirusa is a pig-like animal that is commonly found in the rainforests of Indonesian Islands. Also called as pig-deers, Babirusas are unusual-looking mammals who have a round body and thin legs.

Tube-Nosed Fruit Bat

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Tube-nosed fruit bat belongs to the Pteropodidae family and is majorly found in the Solomon Island, Australia, and Indonesia.

Climbing Fish

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Climbing fish is a freshwater fish that originates from south-east Asia. It is a noxious creature that can crawl on land and survive without water for as long as six days. It can even climb trees and choke the birds to death.

Wolf Fish

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The wolf fish belongs to the family of Perciform fish. Also known as sea wolves, these are native of Atlantic and Pacific Ocean. The longest wolf fish grows to 6.6 feet in length.

Blobfish

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It wouldn’t be wrong to call Blobfish as the ugliest animal of the world. Blobfish is a deep sea fish that inhibits in the mainland of Tasmania and Australia. These fishes are quite short in length, say around, 30cm. Blobfishes get easily trapped in bottom trolling nets, thus making them an endangered species.

Vampire Squid

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Scientifically known as Vampyroteuthis infernalis, Vampire Squid is a small cephalopod that was originally classified as an Octopus, in early 19th century. These creatures are mainly found in the tropical oceans and they have features similar to that of fish and octopus.

Leafy Seadragon

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The leafy seadragon is a marine fish that is a member of the genus Phycodurus. These fishes can camouflage easily amongst plants and because of the same, they are rarely eaten. Leafy seadragon is definitely an amazingly mysterious creature that has a long pipe-like snout and a tiny mouth.

Great Dane

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A German breed of domestic dog, Great Dane is often referred to as the ‘Apollo of Dogs’. It is a powerful dog that is characterized by its regal and elegant appearance. Perhaps the tallest breed in the world, Great Dane is quite and well-manned family creature.

Mountain Goat

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The mountain goat is a large hoofed mammal that belongs to the antelope family. This long-faced mammal is a great climber, and is usually found on ice and cliff. It’s most distinctive features are its black horns as well as a short tail. Mountain goat is herbivorous and is mostly seen grazing and eating fruits and grass.

Hagfish

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Hagfish is a disgusting ocean creature that has a skull but no vertebral column. It is an eel-shaped marine fish that have special glands on their bodies to escape attackers.

Giant Pig

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Giant pig or pigzilla or monster pig is a large domestic farm bred pig and is believed to weigh over 1000 pounds.

Naked Mole-Rat

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Naked mole-rat is a hairless and pinkish-grey rat that has a wrinkled body. It is also called as sand puppy and is found in the deserts of East Africa.

Fangtooth

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Fangtooth is a deep-sea fish that has sharp, pointed, and largest teeth of any fish found in the ocean. Nonetheless, the fish is quite harmless to the humans.

Tasmanian Devil

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Tasmanian Devil is an extremely unusual carnivorous mammal that is black in appearance and has white markings on the entire body. They aren’t dangerous, though they look fierce.

Penis Fish

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A member of the catfish family, penis fish is a small fish that is sold at the fish market of Busan. These fishes live in the burrows in mud and are commonly eaten raw in Korea.

Emperor Tamarin

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Also called as Brockway Monkey, Emperor Tamarin is a small species of monkey that has striking resemblance to Wilhelm II. These monkeys are primarily found in South and Central America.

Greater Galago

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Small-eared greater galagos are thick-tailed bush babies that are largest in the family of galagos. These are nocturnal species that are mostly found in Southern Kenya.

Long-Beaked Echidna

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Long-beaked echidna is an exceptionally mysterious egg-laying mammal that is found in New Guinea and the Foja Mountains. Also known as monotremes, these mammals have small mouth and powerful limbs.

Tardigrade

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Tardigrade is a water-dwelling micro-animal that looks intimidating in its look. These eight-legged mammals have a podgy face and a length of about 0.5mm.

Black Oreo Dory

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Black Oreo dory is a deep-sea water fish that has no or few bones. They have laterally compressed bodies and they make excellent food.

Pinocchio Frog

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Pinocchio frog is a tree frog that was first discovered in Indonesia during a 2008 expedition. It is an amphibian that has a nose pointed upward.

Spicebush Swallowtail Caterpillar

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Spicebush swallowtail caterpillar is a black bodied swallowtail that is a pleasure to watch. These butterflies are prominently found in North America and the Florida peninsula. Also called as “green-clouded butterfly”, these species are unique.

Builder Dog

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Builder Dog is a fighter dog that is trained to be really strong. It belongs to the Tachibana family and is known for its special attack ‘Final Thunder’.

Komondor Dog

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Komondor is a powerful dog breed that is called as the Hungarian sheepdog. It is a loving dog that has characteristic features like imposing strength, pleasing conformation, and honesty. These dogs have a white color, with their hair weighing about 50 pounds.

Atlantic Ghost Crab

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Atlantic ghost crab, also called as Ocypode quadrata, is a small crab that was once characterized as occult. These species of ghost crabs are mostly found in Block Island, Brazil, Nantucket, Bermuda, Rhode Islands, and Santa Catarina. These crabs have a characteristic grayish color.

Aye-Aye

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Aye-aye is a lemur that is found in the rainforests of Madagascar. This gremlin-looking creature has a lot of unusual traits, including rodent-like teeth and special thin middle finger. It is a nocturnal primate and it climbs on trees to look for grubs.

Leucosia Anatum

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Leucosia anatum or pebble crab is a species that has stout ambulatory legs, elongated and rhomboidal outline. These crabs are known to be found in Mauritius, Taiwan, Fiji, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, China, Indonesia, and Andaman Islands.

Beluga White

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Beluga Whale is a small size, pure white skin whale that is also called as white whale. These mammals eat marine species and they live in Arctic and sub-Arctic cetacean.

Sea Pig

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Sea pigs are also known as scotoplanes that have enlarged tube feet and water cavities in their skin. These pigs live in deep ocean of Indian Ocean and Atlantic Ocean, primarily at 4000-5000 m depth.

Ctenophora

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Also called as comb jelly, Ctenophora is a voracious predator that has a most distinctive feature i.e. combs. They use combs for swimming. One can find comb jellies predominantly in the summer months in coastal places.

World’s biggest cat, liger is a hybrid creature that has an average speed of a lion. It is a concoction of a male lion and a female tiger. These creatures enjoy swimming and are quite sociable.

Australian Peacock Spider

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The Australian Peacock Spider is a small jumping spider that has a unique courting ritual. Males have colorful flaps on their abdomens that they can expand and display to attract females during mating season. But if the targeted female isn’t impressed by the display, she may attack and try to kill the male. Talk about a bad breakup!

Tapir

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Tapir are large, herbivorous mammals that have a pig-like appearance. These large creatures are close relatives of horses and rhinos. Also popularly known as the “mountain cow”, Tapir inhibits the forest regions of America and Southern Asia.

Tarsier

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Tarsier is a small species of that family Tarsiidae that are mostly found in the well-vegetated forests of Southeast Asia. These unique creatures have small eyes and a heavy head.

Frill-Necked Lizard

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Known by a lot many names, including frilled dragon, the frill-necked lizards are found in northern Australia and New Guinea. It has a trademark large frill neck and feeds on mainly small vertebrates and insects. These species of lizards are often kept as an exotic pet.

The Dugong

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The Dugong is a marine mammal that is also called as sea cow. It is a medium-sized animal that grazes on seagrass meadows. These herbivorous creatures are mostly found in warm waters of Indonesia and Australia.

Candiru Fish

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Also known as toothpick fish or vampire fish, Candiru is a parasitic freshwater catfish that resides in Brazil, Peru, Colombia, and Bolivia. These are small fishes that have a small head and a distended looking belly.

Madagascar Sucker-Footed Bat

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Madagascar sucker-footed bat is a peculiar looking bat that is usually 57mm in length and lives in low-lying areas of Madagascar. These mammals have small cups on their wrists as well as ankles. Moreover, they feed mostly on small moths, beetles, and alike.

Shoebill

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Shoebill is an unusual-looking bird that lives in the tropical east Africa. Also known as whalehead, these birds are quite tall in height and have broad wings.

Chinese Giant Salamander

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Chinese giant salamander is the largest amphibian in world that weighs approximately 104 pounds. These species are endemic to lakes and mountains in China. They are literally endangered and are taken as living fossils.

Red Wolf

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Red wolf or Florida wolf is an endangered species of the eastern United States that is reddish, tawny color. Its diet primarily comprises of rabbits and rodents.

Sao Tome Shrew

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Sao Tome Shrew is a rarely found white-toothed shrew that is found strictly on the Sao Tome Islands. It was first seen in the year 1886 and is critically endangered at present.

Giant Isopod

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Giant Isopod, also known as the ‘scavenger of the deep,’ is the largest isopod that is found in the deep sea ocean floors of Atlantic and Indian Oceans.

Giant Grenadier

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Giant Grenadier is a weird-looking sea creature that is found living in the ocean depths. These are apex predators that prey on vampire squids.

Sphynx Cat

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Sphynx cat is a hairless cat that is developed through selective breeding. These cats can have whiskers and the color of their skin depends on the fur. Sphynx have a muscular body and powerful neck of medium length.

Matamata Turtle

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Matamata Turtle is a freshwater turtle that lives in water among the plant debris. These turtles are found mainly in South America.

Axolotl

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Axolotl is a Mexican walking fish that has huge branch-like gills and a cute perma-smile. Also known as Mexican Salamander, Axolotl resides in North America.

Glass Frog

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Glass frogs are unique kind of frogs that have a transparent skin and a trademark lime green color. You can see their internal organs with naked eyes.

Dumbo Octopus

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Dumbo Octopus or Grimpoteuthis is most acknowledged for its large ear-like fins and widespread arms. These octopods live in the greatest depths of coast of Oregon, California, Philippines, and New Zealand.

Aardvark

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Aardvark is a medium-sized nocturnal mammal of Africa that has a long tongue and long ears. This burrowing species of Tubulidentata, feeds on ants and termites.

Ankole-Watusi

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Ankole-Watusi is also known as the Cattle of Kings and it is the showstopper of the bovine kingdom. These domestic cattle are medium-sized with large, long horns. They are mostly found in the savannas as well as open grasslands. Apart from this, they eat only grass or leaves.

African Civet

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African civet is an opportunistic mammal that has dense, greyish color fur and 2/3rd black tail. It is a member of African Viverridae and is widely found in Africa, Ethiopia, and Somalia.

Sumatran Rhino

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Sumatran rhino is the smallest rhinos of all and is often called as hairy or Asian two-horned rhinoceros. These rhinos have reddish-brown hair covering their whole body.

Grey Tree Frog

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Grey tree frog is a small arboreal frog that has a trademark ‘warty’ green or brown color. These frogs are quite common in Minnesota and eastern United States.

Guinea Fowl Puffer

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Also known as golden puffer, guinea fowl puffer is a pufferfish that has powerful jaws and beak-like teeth. It hails from the Indo-pacific region and is sometimes harvested for the aquarium trade.

Frilled Shark

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Frilled shark (often called a ‘living fossil’) is an eel-like shark that is found in the see depths of Japan. These sharks have long jaws and a strange appearance.

Pink Fairy Armadillo

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The smallest species of armadillo, pink fairy armadillo is a desert-adapted animal. They are 5-inch long and have a silky yellowish white fur. These creatures are mostly found in grasslands, plains, and dunes.

Pygmy Marmoset

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The world’s smallest species of monkey, Pygmy Marmoset is found in the rainforests of South America. It weighs just 100 grams and feeds on primarily tree gum.

Weta

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Weta is a giant bug that weighs approximately 70 g. It resembles a large katydid or cricket and can bite with powerful mandibles.

Wrinkle-Face Bat

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These bats have a face that only a mother could love! Sarcasm apart! Wrinkle-face bats belong to genus Centurio. They eat fruit but within the fruit bats. Owing to its unusual-looking skull, it is able to eat a range of different foods.

The Flapjack Octopus

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A pink colored octopus, the flapjack is a deep-sea species that is rarely seen. It can appear transparent to deep-red in color.

Venezuelan Poodle Moth

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A possibly new species of moth, the Venezuelan poodle moth was first discovered in 2009. This species is a lot of times compared to a fluffy dog.

Bergamasco Shepherd

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The Bergamasco is a breed of dog that comes in all shades gray. It origins in the Italian Alps around Bergamo and is basically used for herding. It has a lifespan of 13-15 years.

Leaf-Tail Gecko

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Leaf-tail gecko is a reptile that is a master of disguise. Also called as the flat-tailed gecko, these species reside in Madagascar.

Cyclops Shark

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The Cyclops Shark is a rare shark and it has one eye.

Lamprey is a jawless fish that is a parasitic native to the Atlantic Ocean. These fishes have a funnel-like sucking mouth.

Blanket Octopus

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Rarely seen, blanket octopus is a remarkable creature that is found in the subtropical and tropical oceans.

Lepidobatrachus Laevis

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Lepidobatrachus Laevis or wide-mouth frog is a known frog throughout the meme culture. Many amphibian keepers like to keep these frogs as a pet.

Silvery Marmoset

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The silvery marmoset is a black-tailed marmoset that is found in South and Central America. It is known for its naked, flesh-colored ears and long silvery-white fur. They spend most of their lives in trees and like to feed on tree sap.

Cotton-Tap Tamarin

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A new world monkey, cotton-top tamarin is mostly found in the forests of South America. It is a small species of monkey that weighs less than a pound.

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